Faculty Leaders: Dr. Elizabeth Scannell-Desch, RN, PhD, OCNS, School of Nursing-Camden

Travel Dates: May 19-30, 2018

Class Meeting Times: Fridays from 1:00 PM - 4:00 PM (March 30, 2018, April 6, 2018, April 13, 2018, and April 20, 2018)

Course Number: 57:705:394

Program Cost: TBD (2017 Cost: Approximately $3,050)*

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This course will offer a broad study of the historical and human science literature regarding notable women in healthcare. We will examine the life stories and contributions to healthcare of notable selected women from the British Isles, Central Europe and the United States. This examination includes the lives and accomplishments of such notables as: Virginia Apgar, M.D., Marie Curie, Mother Catherine McAuley, Elizabeth Blackwell, M.D., Florence Nightingale, Edith Cavell, Ina May Gaskin, Margaret Sanger, Dame Cicely Saunders, Mother Teresa, the Sisters of Bon Secours, Elizabeth Garrett-Anderson, M.D., Alice Hamilton, M.D. and Rita Levi-Montalcini, M.D. We begin with a broad look at societal expectations and norms associated with women’s roles in society in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th century as these women were raised and began their education. Over the course of our time abroad we will visit the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, the Florence Nightingale Museum, her grave at St. Margaret Church near Embley Park, her monument and archives at St. Paul’s Cathedral, and her statue at Waterloo Place, Westminster, London. We will also visit and tour St. Christopher’s Hospice, where Dr. Cicely Saunders, M.D., founded the Hospice Movement and the worlds’ first hospice facility. We will visit the grave and monument at Norwich Cathedral dedicated to Edith Cavell, a nursing heroine of World War I. In Ireland we will visit the Rotunda Hospital, Garden of Remembrance, grave of Mother Catherine McAuley, the International Mercy Centre and ‘Catherine’s House,’ and have a class on the History of Healthcare in Ireland with Professor Gerard Fealy, RGT, PhD, Irish Healthcare Historian, University College Dublin. Students learn from readings as well as multiple lecture/discussions and visits to historical sites.

The focus of this course is on the historical contributions of women to healthcare in the past two centuries. It examines contributions from general medicine, nursing, public health, pediatrics, radiology, palliative and hospice care, neurobiology, occupational health, toxicology, gynecology, and midwifery. Students learn of the many struggles and obstacles these women faced in securing an education and professional status because of their gender and the related politics of the times. Additionally, they learn of the many efforts by individual women and groups of religious nuns to provide for the healthcare and basic needs of the indigent.

Course Goals: To recognize the histories of notable women in the healthcare industry from the perspective of social mores of the times.
1-To introduce students to significant achievements in healthcare by notable women in Europe and the U.S.
2- To recognize the social and educational histories of selected notable women in healthcare from the U.S. and Europe.
3-To examine how the issues of difference (social class, gender, religion, race, etc.) are appreciated in a variety of diverse societies.
4-To recognize unique historical trajectories in different regions of the world with regard to healthcare innovations.
5-To describe the obstacles faced by women in healthcare professions over the last two centuries.
Outcome Criteria: After completing this course, students should be able to:
1-Describe the career histories of at least two women from Western Europe and two women from the U.S. who have made significant and notable contributions to healthcare.
2-Describe at least three obstacles these women encountered in carving out a career in healthcare.
3-Describe how differences in social class, gender, religion, etc. contributed to difficulties in women entering healthcare professions.
4-Identify and describe five healthcare innovations attributed to notable women in the healthcare industry.





Some meals

HTH Health Insurance




Visa (if applicable)


Passport Fee (for those without a valid passport)

Airport Exit Fees (if applicable)

*Program Cost is approximate and subject to change. Program cost is in addition to tuition.